Julia Shu-Huah Wang
The University of Hong Kong
Institutional Affiliation: The University of Hong Kong
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|April 2018||Health and Mental Health Effects of Local Immigration Enforcement|
with Neeraj Kaushal: w24487
We study the effect of two local immigration enforcement policies – Section 287(g) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act and the Secure Communities Program (SC) – that have escalated fear and risk of deportation among the undocumented on the health and mental health outcomes of Latino immigrants living in the United States. We use the restricted-use National Health Interview Survey for 2000-2012 and adopt a difference-in-difference research design. Estimates suggest that SC increased the proportion of Latino immigrants with mental health distress by 2.2 percentage points (14.7 percent); Task Force Enforcement under Section 287(g) worsened their mental health distress scores by 15 percent (0.08 standard deviation); Jail Enforcement under Section 287(g) increased...
Published: Julia Shu-Huah Wang & Neeraj Kaushal, 2019. "Health and Mental Health Effects of Local Immigration Enforcement," International Migration Review, vol 53(4), pages 970-1001.