NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Julia Shu-Huah Wang

The University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

E-Mail: jshwang@hku.hk
Institutional Affiliation: The University of Hong Kong

NBER Working Papers and Publications

April 2018Health and Mental Health Effects of Local Immigration Enforcement
with Neeraj Kaushal: w24487
We study the effect of two local immigration enforcement policies – Section 287(g) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act and the Secure Communities Program (SC) – that have escalated fear and risk of deportation among the undocumented on the health and mental health outcomes of Latino immigrants living in the United States. We use the restricted-use National Health Interview Survey for 2000-2012 and adopt a difference-in-difference research design. Estimates suggest that SC increased the proportion of Latino immigrants with mental health distress by 2.2 percentage points (14.7 percent); Task Force Enforcement under Section 287(g) worsened their mental health distress scores by 15 percent (0.08 standard deviation); Jail Enforcement under Section 287(g) increased...

Published: Julia Shu-Huah Wang & Neeraj Kaushal, 2019. "Health and Mental Health Effects of Local Immigration Enforcement," International Migration Review, vol 53(4), pages 970-1001.

 
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