University of Wisconsin, Madison
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706
Institutional Affiliation: University of Wisconsin, Madison
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|November 2019||The Effects of Foreign-Born Peers in US High Schools and Middle Schools|
with Jason Fletcher, Jinho Kim, Stephen Ross, Irina Shaorshadze: w26491
The multi-decade growth and spatial dispersion of immigrant families in the United States has shifted the composition of US schools, reshaping the group of peers with whom students age through adolescence. US-born students are more likely to have foreign-born peers and foreign-born students are more likely to be educated outside of enclaves. This study examines the short-term and long-term impact of being educated with immigrant peers, for both US-born and foreign-born students. We leverage a quasi-experimental research design that uses across-grade, within-school variation in cohort composition for students in the Add Health study. We describe effects on a broad set of education, social, and health outcomes. For US-born students, we find little evidence that having immigrant peers affects...
|September 2014||The Effects of Mortality on Fertility: Population Dynamics after a Natural Disaster|
with Elizabeth Frankenberg, Duncan Thomas: w20448
Understanding how mortality and fertility are linked is essential to the study of population dynamics. We investigate the fertility response to an unanticipated mortality shock that resulted from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, which killed large shares of the residents of some Indonesian communities but caused no deaths in neighboring communities. Using population-representative multilevel longitudinal data, we identify a behavioral fertility response to mortality exposure, both at the level of a couple and in the broader community. We observe a sustained fertility increase at the aggregate level following the tsunami, which is driven by two behavioral responses to mortality exposure. First, mothers who lost one or more children in the disaster are significantly more likely to bear additio...
Published: Jenna Nobles & Elizabeth Frankenberg & Duncan Thomas, 2015. "The Effects of Mortality on Fertility: Population Dynamics After a Natural Disaster," Demography, vol 52(1), pages 15-38.