Christopher D. Heaney
615 N. Wolfe Street Room W7033B
Bloomberg School of Public Health
Baltimore, MD 21205
Institutional Affiliation: Johns Hopkins
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|August 2019||External Societal Costs of Antimicrobial Resistance in Humans Attributable to Antimicrobial Use in Livestock|
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Antimicrobial use in animal agriculture contributes to antimicrobial resistance in humans, which imposes significant health and economic costs on society. These costs are negative externalities. We review the relevant literature and develop a model to quantify the external costs of antimicrobial use in animal agriculture on antimicrobial resistance in humans. Parameters required for this estimate include: 1) the health and economic burden of antimicrobial resistance in humans, 2) the impact of antimicrobial use in animal agriculture on antimicrobial resistance in animals, 3) the fraction of antimicrobial resistance in humans attributable to animal agriculture, and 4) antimicrobial use in animals. We use a well-documented historic case to estimate an externality cost of about $1500 per kilo...
Published: Gabriel K. Innes & Pranay R. Randad & Anton Korinek & Meghan F. Davis & Lance B. Price & Anthony D. So & Christopher D. Heaney, 2020. "External Societal Costs of Antimicrobial Resistance in Humans Attributable to Antimicrobial Use in Livestock," Annual Review of Public Health, vol 41(1).