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Ithaca, NY 14853
Institutional Affiliation: Cornell University
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|August 2013||The Inter-generational and Social Transmission of Cultural Traits: Theory and Evidence from Smoking Behavior|
with , : w19304
The extant literature on cultural transmission takes competing cultures in society as given and parental cultural preferences as fixed. We relax these assumptions by endogenizing both societal and parental preferences. We use smoking as a case-study of a cultural trait which did not always exist, and which over time has switched from being perceived as socially acceptable to being perceived as undesirable. In our model, parents' preferred cultural traits depend on the perceived health costs of smoking, and societal preferences depend on the behavior of a tobacco industry that aims to maximize smoking prevalence. We derive conditions for the emergence and persistence of the smoking habit, and find new implications for the relationship between parental and societal influences. We then test e...